Named after Cardiganshire in Wales, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is believed to have existed in Wales for over 3000 years.
Unlike the Pembrokes, they were introduced to Britain by the Celts and were part of the Teckel family of dogs, where the Dachshund also hails.
Like the Pembroke, it acted as a "drover," herding cattle. They may have been bred with local sheepdogs to increase their versatility, and they were also great at keeping vermin down.
The dogs bred with fluffy Spitz types imported later by the Vikings and Flemish weavers eventually became the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Meanwhile, the dogs that mostly kept their original bloodlines would become the Cardis.
As both the Pembroke and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi serve as loyal companion dogs today, the Pembroke has become more popular. Probably in part because of the attention they get as the official dogs of the Queen of England.
But if both the Cardigan and the Pembroke have thick short coats, then…
What is a fluffy Corgi?