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Weimaraners: The Ultimate Guide To Everything You Need to Know

Photo of Tamsin De La Harpe

Written by Tamsin De La Harpe

Weimaraner dog

Weimaraners are known for their striking appearance, intelligence, and boundless energy. Originally bred in Germany for hunting, they are versatile dogs that excel in various activities. With their sleek, silver-gray coat and expressive eyes, Weimaraners are both elegant and athletic, making them stand out in any setting.

The breed’s history traces back to the early 19th century in Germany, where they were developed for hunting large game such as boar, bear, and deer. Named after the Grand Duke of Weimar, who played a key role in their development, Weimaraners were highly valued by noblemen for their exceptional hunting abilities and loyal companionship. Over time, they have evolved into versatile working dogs, excelling in various roles including search and rescue, therapy, and competitive sports.

If you’re looking to buy a Weimaraner puppy, it’s vital to do your research. They are quick learners and thrive on mental stimulation and physical exercise, making them excellent companions for active individuals and families. Rebecca Gardes from Silver Bay Weimaraners shares her extensive experience with the breed, emphasizing the importance of training and socialization for these energetic and intelligent dogs.

Weimaraner Key Points

  1. Weimaraners are intelligent and require early obedience training.
  2. They are highly energetic and need plenty of exercise.
  3. Known for their loyalty and protective nature.
  4. Excellent hunting and sporting dogs.
  5. Thrive on companionship and can develop separation anxiety if left alone too long.

Weimaraner Profile: Temperament & Physical Characteristics

Weimaraner dog lying on the grass showing physical traits

Weimaraners are known for their human-like qualities, deeply connected to their people and thriving on pleasing their family. They are highly intelligent and energetic, requiring regular mental and physical stimulation to stay happy and healthy. 

Rebecca Gardes emphasizes that Weimaraners are protective of their home and surroundings, making them excellent watchdogs. Their protective nature, combined with their loyalty and affectionate disposition, makes them wonderful companions.

Weimaraners are highly attuned to their owners’ emotions and are often described as having almost human-like understanding. They are sensitive dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement and gentle guidance. This emotional sensitivity also means they do not fare well with harsh training methods or being left alone for long periods.

Suitability for Active and Outdoor-Oriented Household

 Due to their high energy levels and need for regular exercise, Weimaraners are best suited for active households that enjoy outdoor activities. They thrive in environments where they can engage in activities such as hiking, running, and playing fetch. Rebecca Gardes notes that Weimaraners need more than just a daily walk; they require ample space to run and exercise vigorously.

Ideal Environments for Weimaraners

Weimaraners are versatile and can adapt to various living conditions as long as their exercise and companionship needs are met. They can live in houses with large yards or and generally need a lot of space. 

However, they should not be left outside alone for long periods, as they crave human interaction and can become bored and destructive. A home with a secure yard is ideal to prevent these agile dogs from escaping.

Size, Weight, and Appearance

Weimaraners are medium to large-sized dogs, with males typically standing between 25 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder and females between 23 to 25 inches. Their weight ranges from 55 to 90 pounds, with males generally being larger and more muscular. 

They have a sleek, athletic build with a deep chest, long legs, and a distinctive silver-gray coat. Their expressive eyes can be light amber, gray, or blue-gray, adding to their striking appearance.

Coat Types and Colors 

The Weimaraner’s coat is short, smooth, and sleek, which gives them a polished look. The color is predominantly silver-gray, which can range from mouse-gray to lighter shades. This color is one reason many people think silver Labradors are really Weimaraner mixes. This uniform color is one of the breed’s most distinguishing features. 

Occasionally, Weimaraners may have a small white mark on the chest. Very rarely, you may also find a long-haired Weimaraner.

Weimaraners are easily recognizable by their elegant and athletic appearance. They have a noble head with a long muzzle, a slightly arched neck, and a well-proportioned body. Their ears are long and set high, hanging close to the head. 

Is The Weimaraner Right For Me? Pros and Cons

dark gray Weimaraner dog running showing typical active personality pros and cons of having a Weimaraner

Owning a Weimaraner can be a highly rewarding experience, but it’s crucial to be prepared for the demands that come with this breed. 

If you enjoy an active lifestyle, have the time to dedicate to training and exercise, and are looking for a loyal and intelligent companion, a Weimaraner could be an excellent choice for you. However, if you prefer a more low-maintenance dog or cannot commit to their high energy needs, you might want to consider a different breed.

Remember, without enough exercise, this breed is very prone to being hyperactive.

Highly IntelligentHigh Exercise Needs
Weimaraners are very smart and trainable.They require significant daily exercise to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.
Loyal and AffectionateSeparation Anxiety
They form strong bonds with their owners and are very loyal.They can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods.
Protective NatureNot Suitable for Small Living Spaces
They are naturally protective and can serve as good watchdogs.Their high energy levels and size can be challenging in small apartments without ample exercise.
Versatile in ActivitiesCan Be Stubborn
They excel in various activities like hunting, obedience, and agility.Their intelligence can lead to stubbornness without proper training.
Good with FamiliesHigh Maintenance Needs
They are generally good with children and can be very family-oriented.They require regular grooming, exercise, and mental stimulation.
Elegant and Striking AppearanceProne to Health Issues
Their sleek, silver-gray coat and athletic build are highly attractive.They are prone to certain health issues like hip dysplasia and bloat.
Sensitive and Attuned to Owners’ EmotionsNot Ideal for Novice Owners
They are very in-tune with their owners’ emotions and can be very empathetic.Their needs can be overwhelming for first-time dog owners.
Adaptable to Various ActivitiesCan Be Destructive if Bored
They enjoy participating in a range of activities, making them great companions for active owners.Without adequate mental and physical stimulation, they can become destructive.
Low Shedding CoatRequires Consistent Training
Their short coat sheds minimally, making grooming easier.Consistent and ongoing training is necessary to manage their energy and intelligence.

Common Health Issues & Lifespan

Weimaraner dog at side of lake healthy; what are health issues in the breed

Weimaraners typically live between 10-13 years. They  are generally healthy, but they can be prone to certain health issues, including the following:

Cardiovascular Conditions

Congenital Heart Disease: This includes various heart problems present at birth. Weimaraners are more likely than many other breeds to be affected by these issues.

Pulmonary Artery Dissection: A serious condition where the main artery to the lungs tears. Weimaraners have been noted to be predisposed to this rare condition.

Dermatological Conditions

Canine Follicular Dysplasia (Seasonal Flank Alopecia): This inherited condition causes hair loss, often appearing as bald patches, and is usually seen in younger dogs.

Anaesthetic-Related Complications: Weimaraners may have a higher risk of complications when undergoing anesthesia.

Gastrointestinal Conditions

Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (Bloat, GDV): A life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists. Weimaraners are particularly prone to this, requiring immediate veterinary attention.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Chronic inflammation of the intestines leading to discomfort and digestive issues. Weimaraners are at a higher risk compared to some other breeds.

Haematological/Immunological Conditions

Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An inherited disorder where Weimaraner puppies may have weakened immune systems, often showing symptoms shortly after vaccination.

Infectious Conditions

Blastomycosis: A fungal infection that Weimaraners are at increased risk of contracting, especially if exposed to certain environments.

Musculoskeletal Conditions

Metaphyseal Osteopathy: A painful bone disease affecting young, rapidly growing dogs. It can cause lameness and discomfort.

Panosteitis: Often called “growing pains,” this condition causes inflammation in the bones of young dogs, leading to lameness that can shift from leg to leg.

Neoplastic Conditions

Mast Cell Tumor (MCT): A type of skin cancer that Weimaraners can be more prone to. It can vary in severity and requires medical evaluation.

Neurological Conditions

Discospondylitis: An infection of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs, causing pain and possibly neurological issues. Weimaraners, particularly males, are more susceptible.

Hypomyelination Syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting the development of the nervous system, seen in some Weimaraners.

Ocular Conditions

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A group of genetic diseases leading to gradual vision loss and eventually blindness.

Renal and Urinary Conditions

Hyperuricosuria: A condition causing high levels of uric acid in the urine, which can lead to bladder stones. It is caused by a genetic mutation also seen in Dalmatians.

Urethral Sphincter Mechanism Incompetence: A condition where the dog may have trouble controlling urination, often affecting larger breeds like the Weimaraner.

Soft-Tissue Conditions

Peritoneopericardial Diaphragmatic Hernia (PPDH): A congenital condition where there is an abnormal connection between the peritoneal and pericardial cavities. Weimaraners are overrepresented in cases of this condition.

Understanding these potential health issues can help you take proactive steps in caring for your Weimaraner, ensuring they lead a healthy and happy life. Regular veterinary check-ups and being aware of symptoms can make a significant difference.

Best Food for a Weimaraner

Weimaraners are active, energetic dogs that require a balanced diet to maintain their health and vitality. Here are some top recommended foods for Weimaraners, with each brand highlighted for easy reference.

Royal Canin Breed Health Nutrition Weimaraner Adult Dry Dog Food

Royal Canin offers breed-specific formulas, and their Weimaraner Adult Dry Dog Food is tailored to meet the nutritional needs of adult Weimaraners. This food includes a balanced blend of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates to support their high energy levels, along with nutrients to maintain their skin and coat health.

Key Benefits

  • Optimized protein levels for muscle maintenance;
  • Balanced fats for energy;
  • Contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids for healthy skin and coat; and
  • Supports joint and bone health.

Blue Buffalo Life Protection Formula

Blue Buffalo’s Life Protection Formula is a great choice for Weimaraners due to its high-quality ingredients and balanced nutrition. This formula includes real meat as the first ingredient, along with whole grains, vegetables, and fruit.

Key Benefits

  • Real chicken as the first ingredient;
  • Contains essential proteins and carbohydrates to meet energy needs;
  • Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids for healthy skin and coat; and
  • No artificial preservatives, colors, or flavors.

Orijen Original Grain-Free Dry Dog Food

Orijen’s Original Grain-Free Dry Dog Food is an excellent option for Weimaraners due to its high protein content and quality ingredients. This food includes a variety of fresh, regional ingredients that are biologically appropriate for dogs.

Key Benefits

  • High protein content from fresh chicken, turkey, and fish;
  • Grain-free formula to reduce the risk of allergies and digestive issues;
  • Includes fruits and vegetables for a well-rounded diet; and
  • Supports lean muscle mass and overall health.

Hill’s Science Diet Adult Large Breed Dog Food

Hill’s Science Diet is known for its scientifically formulated foods, and their Adult Large Breed Dog Food is designed to meet the needs of large breeds like Weimaraners. This food provides a balanced diet with natural ingredients.

Key Benefits

  • Contains high-quality protein to support lean muscle;
  • Glucosamine and chondroitin for joint health;
  • Omega-6 fatty acids and vitamin E for a healthy coat and skin; and
  • No artificial colors, flavors, or preservatives.

Wellness Core Grain-Free Large Breed Dog Food

Wellness Core Grain-Free Large Breed Dog Food is another excellent choice for Weimaraners. This grain-free formula is packed with protein and nutrients to support your dog’s active lifestyle.

Key Benefits

  • High protein content from deboned chicken, turkey meal, and chicken meal;
  • Grain-free to reduce the risk of allergies;
  • Includes antioxidants, probiotics, vitamins, and minerals; and
  • Supports optimal health and wellness.

Nutro Ultra Large Breed Adult Dry Dog Food

Nutro Ultra Large Breed Adult Dry Dog Food is formulated with a blend of high-quality ingredients to support the overall health of large breed dogs like Weimaraners. This food includes a combination of lean proteins, whole grains, and a blend of superfoods.

Key Benefits

  • Trio of proteins from chicken, lamb, and salmon;
  • Contains a blend of 15 vibrant superfoods for optimal nutrition;
  • Glucosamine and chondroitin for joint health; and
  • No artificial colors, flavors, or preservatives.

By providing your Weimaraner with a high-quality, balanced diet, you can help ensure they remain healthy, energetic, and happy. Always consult with your veterinarian to choose the best food for your dog’s specific needs and health conditions.

Training and Socialization

Weimaraners respond well to positive reinforcement. Using treats, praise, and play as rewards can effectively motivate them. Short, frequent training sessions are ideal to keep them engaged.

Their intelligence can be engaged through advanced training and interactive games. Incorporating varied commands and activities can make training enjoyable for both you and your Weimaraner.

Short training sessions help prevent boredom and maintain their interest.

Using gentle, consistent guidance is important due to their sensitive nature.

Behavioral Management

Early training and socialization are crucial to manage their high energy levels and potential for separation anxiety. Consistent training helps address and reduce undesirable behaviors such as excessive barking and chewing.

Expert Advice on Raising a Weimaraner Puppy

Rebecca Gardes emphasizes, “With a Weimaraner, it is very important from a young age that they are trained in obedience. This will contribute to making them better living partners.”

Introducing them to different environments, people, and other animals from a young age helps them become well-rounded and confident.

Exercise and Mental Stimulation

Two running Weimaraner dogs getting daily exercise playing fetch

Weimaraners need extensive daily exercise, including running and outdoor activities. A daily walk is not enough; they require vigorous physical activity.

Types of activities:

  • Running;
  • Agility training; and
  • Fetch and frisbee.

Mental stimulation needs –  Engage their minds with puzzle toys and interactive games.

Advanced training and dog sports – Participate in activities like hunting trials, obedience competitions, and agility courses to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

Grooming and Maintenance

Weimaraners have a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. Regular brushing helps remove loose fur and maintain their coat’s shine.

Brush them once a week using a rubber grooming mitt or a bristle brush.

Bathe them as needed, usually every few months, to keep their coat clean. Trim their nails regularly and clean their ears to prevent infections.

Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth and providing dental chews, helps prevent dental diseases.

Check and clean their ears and eyes regularly to prevent infections and ensure they remain healthy.

Finding a Weimaraner

Tips for finding a reputable breeder: Look for breeders who conduct health screenings and provide a clean, caring environment for their dogs. Rebecca Gardes advises choosing breeders who do thorough health testing and offer ongoing support.

Questions to Ask Breeders:

  • What health tests have been done on the parents?
  • Can I see the puppy’s parents and health certificates?
  • What socialization practices do you follow?

Adoption and rescue options: Consider adopting from organizations like the Weimaraner Rescue Club of America or Weimaraner Foundation Fund.

How Much Does a Weimaraner Puppy Cost?

cute Weimaraner puppy for sale

The cost of a Weimaraner puppy can vary significantly based on several factors such as the breeder’s reputation, the puppy’s lineage, location, and whether the puppy comes with registration papers or health guarantees.

Average Price Range

  • A Weimaraner puppy typically costs between $500 and $1,500.
  • Puppies from reputable breeders who conduct health screenings and provide a quality environment may cost between $1,500 and $3,000.
  • If you’re looking for a show-quality Weimaraner with champion bloodlines, prices can range from $3,000 to $5,000 or more.

Additional Costs

  • Expect to spend around $300 to $500 on initial supplies, including a crate, bedding, toys, and grooming tools.
  • Initial veterinary costs, including vaccinations, spaying/neutering, and a general health check, can range from $200 to $500.
  • Regular expenses such as food, grooming, veterinary care, and pet insurance can add up to $1,000 to $1,500 annually.

It’s important to note that while the initial cost of purchasing a Weimaraner puppy is significant, the long-term commitment and associated costs of owning and caring for this active and intelligent breed should also be considered. Investing in a healthy, well-bred puppy from a reputable breeder can help ensure a happy and healthy life for your new canine companion.


Weimaraners are energetic, intelligent, and loyal dogs that require significant physical activity and mental stimulation. They thrive on companionship and can be great family pets if their needs are met.

Consider your lifestyle and commitment before bringing a Weimaraner into your home. They need active involvement and consistent training. Owning a Weimaraner can be a rewarding experience filled with love and companionship. With proper care and attention, they make delightful pets that bring joy to any household.

Meet Your Experts

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Tamsin De La Harpe


Tamsin de la Harpe has nearly two decades of experience with dogs in rescue, training, and behavior modification with fearful and aggressive dogs. She has worked closely with veterinarians and various kennels, building up extensive medical knowledge and an understanding of canine health and physiology. She also spent two years in the animal sciences as a canine nutrition researcher, focusing on longevity and holistic healthcare for our four-legged companions. Tamsin currently keeps a busy homestead with an assortment of rescue dogs and three Bullmastiffs.

Tamsin de la Harpe has nearly two decades of experience with dogs in rescue, training, and behavior modification with fearful and aggressive dogs. She has worked closely with veterinarians and various kennels, building up extensive medical knowledge and an understanding of canine health and physiology. She also spent two years in the animal sciences as a canine nutrition researcher, focusing on longevity and holistic healthcare for our four-legged companions. Tamsin currently keeps a busy homestead with an assortment of rescue dogs and three Bullmastiffs.