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F1 Labradoodle: The Ultimate Guide to This Adorable Mixed Breed - PawSafe

F1 Labradoodle: The Ultimate Guide to This Adorable Mixed Breed

Photo of Tamsin De La Harpe

Written by Tamsin De La Harpe

F Labradoodle

The F1 Labradoodle has stood out as a remarkably desirable dog and is the most popular of the doodles. This designer breed is a charming blend of the Labrador Retriever’s friendly nature and the Poodle’s remarkable smarts.

One of the main reasons the F1 Labradoodle has become so popular is its allergy-friendly, low-shedding coat (not completely  hypoallergenic). People allergic to dogs can often tolerate this breed and you’ll have less need for lint rollers and seat covers for your car.

If you’re considering adding a F1 Labradoodle puppy to your family, it’s essential to do your research and find a reputable breeder. With the help of professional manuals like Linda Whitwam’s Labradoodle Guide, we’ve compiled a comprehensive F1 Labradoodle guide.

The F1 Labradoodle is popular for families looking for a lower-shedding dog with a friendly and playful personality. Mini Labradoodles are even better for people that prefer smaller dogs or live in small spaces.

The Poodle’s curly, lower-shedding coat makes the F1 Labradoodle great for allergies. However, since they’re still half Labrador, they’re less hypoallergenic than other generation (F1b or F1bb) breeds like F1b Goldendoodes. In other words, they may still shed. More on these F generations in the article shortly.

Overall, the F1 Labradoodle is an excellent choice for families looking for a friendly and playful dog with a low-shedding coat. However, it’s important to remember that each dog is unique and may have different personality traits and health issues.

Meet Murphy, the cute Labradoodle:

Related Posts:

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History & Origins of F1 Labradoodle

Wally Conran first bred the F1 Labradoodle in the 1980s and worked as a breeder with the Royal Guide Dog Association of Australia. He aimed to create a hypoallergenic service dog inspired by a blind woman whose husband had allergies but still needed a guide dog. 

After the F1 Labradoodle, Poodle mixes, or doodles, have been on a rapid popularity ascent. Doodles of all looks and sizes, such as Goldendoodles, Husky Poodles, Chipoos, and Newfypoos.

Other Labradoodle names:

  • American Labradoodle;
  • Labrador Poo;
  • Labrador Doodle;
  • Labrapoo; and
  • Labrapoodle.

There are multiple Labradoodle-specific clubs like the Australian Labradoodle Club of America and the Worldwide Australian Labradoodles Association. These associations moderate breeding practices for healthy Labradoodles of all sizes.

Labrador Retrievers

Labrador Retrievers originated in Newfoundland, Canada, where they were used for hunting and fishing. They were brought to England in the early 1800s, where they were further developed as a breed. Labrador Retrievers are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities, as well as their intelligence and trainability.

Standard Poodles

On the other hand, Standard Poodles originated in Germany in the 15th century, where they were used as water retrievers. Poodles are known for their high intelligence, trainability, and hypoallergenic coat.


The Moyen Poodle

Mini F1 Labradoodles

Mini F1 Labradoodles are a crossbreed between a purebred Labrador Retriever and a purebred Miniature Poodle. They are an excellent option for those who want a smaller dog but still want the temperament and intelligence of a Labrador Retriever.

These dogs typically weigh 15 to 35 pounds and stand around 14 to 16 inches tall. They have a low-shedding curly or wavy coat, making them a good option for those with allergies.

Labradoodle Generations Explained

First Generation (F1) Labradoodles (50% Lab + 50% Poodle)

First-generation Labradoodles, also known as F1 Labradoodles, result from breeding a purebred Labrador Retriever and a purebred Poodle. They are 50% Labrador Retriever and 50% Poodle. F1 Labradoodles have a wavy or slightly curly coat that sheds moderately and requires regular grooming. They are friendly and intelligent dogs that make great family pets.

Second Generation (F2) Labradoodles (50% Lab + 50% Poodle)

Second-generation Labradoodles, also known as F2 Labradoodles, result from breeding two F1 Labradoodles. They are 50% Labrador Retriever and 50% Poodle, just like F1 Labradoodles. 

However, F2 Labradoodles can have a broader range of coat types and shedding levels, depending on the specific genetics of the parent dogs. They are also known for their friendly and intelligent nature.

Back-crossed Labradoodles

These are Labradoodles bred with either the Labrador or Poodle, but mostly the Poodle for the more hypoallergenic coat. These generations include:

  • F1b Labradoodle (F1 labradoodle + Poodle) = 75% Poodle

These dogs have far more curly coats and even less shedding than F1 Labrapoos

  • F1bb labradoodle (F1b Labradoodle + Poodle ) = 88% Poodle

These are most likely to have Poodle’s hypoallergenic coat. They are also more energetic and hyper-intelligent due to the Poodle.

Physical Characteristics of F1 Labradoodles

What Does an F1 Labradoodle Look Like?

F1 Labradoodles have a sturdy and well-proportioned body. They tend to inherit the strong build of the Labrador Retriever combined with the Poodle’s more refined, slender features. They also have a strong chest to compliment the mix’s athleticism further. 

Labradoodles have round eyes that can be brown or hazel. Their ears are floppy, although some may be pendant-shaped like the Labrador’s. Their muzzles are medium-shaped, and their faces are slightly broader than the Poodle’s.

Coat & Color

F1 Labradoodles can have various coat types, including wavy, curly, or rarely straight, because they are 50% of each parent. However, the Labrapoodle’s coat is mostly wavy, and though they shed less than most dogs, they still shed more than F1b or F1bbs or Poodles. Colors include:

  • Black; 
  • Black with small patches of white; 
  • Chocolate;
  • Cream;
  • Apricot;
  • Red; and 
  • Particolored (distinct patches of two or more colors).

How Big Do F1 Labrapoos Get?

F1 Labradoodle are typically medium to large-sized dogs, with a height of 21 to 24 inches (53 to 61 cm) at the shoulder and weighing around 50 to 80 lbs (23 to 36 kg).

There are also  Medium F1 Labradoodles with a height range of 18 to 20 inches (46 to 51 cm) and weighing about 30 to 45 lbs (14 to 20 kg). Miniature F1 Labradoodles are the smallest, with a height of 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 cm) and a weight of 15 to 30 lbs (7 to 14 kg).

The Labradoodle and Doodle Controversy: Are F1 Labradoodles and other Doodles Good Dogs?

In the dog world, there is a lot of controversy surrounding Doodle breeds like Labradoodles. We usually skim over this but many Doodle owners have suffered for this, with people calling their dogs “mutts” or accusing them of supporting puppy mills. 

If you are interested in a Labradoodle, chances are, you might have had some backlash already. Therefore, let’s have a look at some of the arguments against Doodle dogs, and some of the arguments for them. 

Cons of Labradoodles

The controversy surrounding doodle dogs, specifically Labradoodles, can be summarized into a few key points:

  1. Origins of the Labradoodle: The Labradoodle was initially bred in the late 1980s by Wally Conron, an Australian breeder, with the hope of creating a guide dog suitable for people with allergies. However, Conron later expressed regret about this, stating that the majority of Labradoodles were either crazy or had a hereditary problem.
  1. Genetic Predictability: One main controversy is that mixing two breeds doesn’t guarantee you’ll get the best traits of both. While some Labradoodles might inherit the Poodle’s hypoallergenic coat and the Labrador’s friendly nature, others might get the Labrador’s shedding coat and the Poodle’s high-strung temperament.

Likewise, unethical Labradoodle breeders may breed puppies with fearful, anxious, or aggressive temperaments, just so long as they have the Labradoodles’ iconic and charming looks. 

  1. Health Concerns: Purebred dogs from ethical come with well-documented health profiles. Mixing breeds can introduce a broader array of potential health problems. Some argue that Labradoodles and other doodles haven’t been around long enough for breeders to fully understand and anticipate potential health issues.
  2. Breeding Ethics: The rising demand for designer breeds, including Labradoodles, has led to an increase in puppy mills and unscrupulous breeders who prioritize profits over the health and well-being of the dogs. This results in poorly bred dogs, more health problems, and unethical breeding practices.
  3. Breed Identity and AKC Recognition: Purists in the dog breeding world often frown upon designer breeds like the Labradoodle because they’re not recognized by major kennel clubs like the American Kennel Club (AKC). They argue that these mixes dilute breed standards and histories.
  4. Price: Labradoodles can be quite expensive, sometimes even more so than their purebred counterparts. Critics argue that people are paying high prices for what are essentially mixed-breed dogs, without guarantees regarding temperament or health.
  5. Rescue Advocacy: With so many dogs in shelters needing homes, some believe that the focus on breeding designer dogs detracts from the more pressing issue of rescuing existing dogs.

One point that is often missed about Labradoodles is that unlike Poodle owners, Doodle pet parents are often unprepared to take care of their dog’s extensive grooming needs. This means that it is extremely common to see Doodle dogs with matted coats. 

If you have your heart set on a Labrapoo, then please be sure to first seek an ethical breeder (or ideally visit a rescue) and be prepared for daily grooming. Don’t let anybody downplay how much grooming these dogs truly need. If you don’t have time for daily brushing and grooming, then most Poodle mix dogs are not the best dog for you.

In summary, while many people love Labradoodles for their temperament, intelligence, and potential hypoallergenic qualities, there are valid concerns about the unpredictability of their traits, ethical breeding practices, and the larger implications for the dog breeding community.

Pros of Labradoodles

On the other hand, if you are an avid Doodle dog supporter (and you aren’t alone as polls show they are extremely popular), here are some reasons why you don’t need to be ashamed for loving Doodle. 

  1. Every Breed Starts Somewhere: No dog breed is originally “purebred.” Many of the breeds we know and love today began as mixes of existing breeds, developed for specific functions or traits. Over time, with consistent breeding for specific standards, they gained recognition. The Labradoodle could be viewed in this same light: a breed in the early stages of development.
  2. Functional Origins: The Labradoodle wasn’t bred as a fashion statement or a novelty. The original intent was to create a guide dog that combined the trainability of the Labrador with the hypoallergenic coat of the Poodle for people who suffered from allergies. That said, breeding dogs to be companions and pets is a valid function. Most people don’t require their Labradoodle to be a working dog, only a good pet.
  3. Desirable Traits: Many Labradoodle owners attest to their dogs having a combination of the best traits of both breeds, such as intelligence, friendliness, and a low-shedding coat. While it’s true that the outcome can be unpredictable, many families have found the Labradoodle to be a wonderful addition to their households.
  4. Adaptability: Labradoodles are often described as versatile family dogs, being good with children and other pets. Their generally affable nature makes them suitable for a variety of living situations, from apartments to houses with yards.
  5. Breeding Improvements: As with all breeds, there are dedicated and responsible Labradoodle breeders working to improve the breed’s health, temperament, and consistency. Over time, with rigorous breeding standards, the variability within the breed could decrease. One should also keep in mind that it’s doubtful as to whether a typical Labradoodle will suffer the same amount of health issues that one may find in purebred dogs like Pugs, French Bulldogs, English Bulldogs, and even German Shepherds. These are all purebred dogs that have suffered for their popularity and for breeding to extreme proportions that affected their health.
  6. Popularity and Breeding Issues: Any dog breed that sees a surge in popularity will unfortunately attract unscrupulous breeders looking to make a quick profit. This isn’t unique to Labradoodles or other Doodle breeds. Instead of condemning the entire breed, it might be more productive to focus on promoting responsible breeding and educating potential dog owners.
  7. Rescue and Adoption: The popularity of Labradoodles has also led to the creation of rescue organizations specifically dedicated to the breed. This provides potential owners with the option to adopt rather than purchase, saving a dog in need and giving it a loving home.

In conclusion, while there are valid concerns regarding Labradoodles, there are also strong arguments in their favor. As with any breed or crossbreed, prospective owners should do their research, meet with breeders, and ensure they’re making an informed decision that’s right for their circumstances

F1 Labradoodle Temperament 

Labradoodles are known for their friendly and outgoing nature. They are incredibly intelligent, loyal, affectionate, sociable, lively, playful, and energetic, making them great family pets. They are also easy to train and enjoy learning new tricks.

Labradoodles are very sensitive and tuned to your emotions, which is why they make such great service and guide dogs. However, this also means that stern treatment will also affect these mixes more deeply. So ensure you earn how to discipline your dog without punishing them. 

It’s essential to stress that these dogs have a high energy level and require regular exercise. They love to play and run around, so they need a spacious area to move around. However, for F1 Labradoodles, the Lab may tone down the energy a bit, but they’re still playful.

Labradoodle Suitability with Children and Animals

 F1 Labradoodles are also good with children and other pets, which makes them a great addition to any household. However, always supervise interactions between your dog and small kids to prevent accidents. They can sometimes chase smaller animals, but most of them do fine with adequate socialization.

Care and Maintenance

How to Groom Labradoodles

Labradoodles have a coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and free from tangles. 

  • They have a low-shedding coat that needs to be brushed daily to prevent matting. Use a slicker brush to remove any dead hair and prevent tangles. 
  • Brush their teeth twice a week and use a dental rinse on some of the other days.
  • Clean their ears twice a week to prevent ear infections. 
  • It is important to trim their nails regularly to prevent them from getting too long and causing discomfort.
  • Labradoodles may need regular coat trims to maintain coat length 

Two common trimming styles are the puppy cut and the teddy bear cut. Others include continental trim, German cut, modern cut, and summer cut.

Dietary Requirements

F1 Labradoodles have a high energy level and require a balanced diet to maintain their health and energy. They should be fed protein-dense (25%+), high-quality dog food appropriate for their age, size, and activity level. 

It is important to avoid overfeeding them as they can become overweight and develop health problems. Also, feed them twice a day and provide plenty of fresh water. 


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Exercise Needs

F1 Labradoodles are an active breed that requires regular exercise for about one hour a day to maintain their physical and mental health. They enjoy running, swimming, playing fetch and other interactive games with their owners. It is essential to provide plenty of exercise to prevent them from becoming bored and destructive.

Health Concerns

Common Health Issues in F1 Labradoodles

As with any dog breed, certain health concerns are more common in F1 Labradoodles. One point to note is that they are slightly more prone to tail issues, such as limber tail syndrome or happy tail syndrome, which you can read about in our article on dog tail anatomy.

  • Hip dysplasia and other musculoskeletal issues, which can cause pain and mobility issues. Labs are three times more likely to suffer from arthritis and may pass this to Labrapoos.
  • Ear infections due to their droopy ears cause discomfort, itching, and hot ears and require treatment.
  • Hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease) due to immune-mediated destruction of adrenal tissue, causing insufficient hormones. 
  • Skin issues like sebaceous adenitis lead to hair loss. Studies show that Poodles have a genetic predisposition to this issue. 
  • Von Willebrand Disease: This bleeding disorder affects blood clotting and can result in prolonged bleeding.
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV), or Bloat: A life-threatening condition in which the stomach distends and can twist.
  • Eye issues like cataracts, glaucoma, conjunctivitis, and optic nerve hypoplasia (underdevelopment of the optic nerve)  for Mini F1 Labradoodles.
  • Thyroid issues like diabetes and hypothyroidism.
  • Epilepsy and other neurological issues. 
  • Moderate issues like obesity, dental issues, and allergies.

Not all F1 Labradoodles will experience these health issues, and many can live long and healthy lives with proper care and attention. However, potential owners should be aware of these concerns and take steps to prevent or manage them as needed.

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy for an F1 Labradoodle is around 12-14 years. However, this can vary depending on several factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and overall health. 

Training an F1 Labradoodle

Training Tips

Labradoodles are highly intelligent and trainable dogs. F1 Labradoodles, in particular, are known for their eager-to-please nature and their ability to learn quickly. Most need about five repetitions to grasp commands, thanks to the Poodle’s acute intelligence. 

To harness your F1 Labradoodle’s full intellectual potential, start training early, use positive reinforcement and treats, and be patient. Some Labrapoos will be stubborn, but you’ll have better days than bad during training with these dogs.

Choosing Your F1 Labradoodle

When choosing an F1 Labradoodle, there are a few things to consider. This section will cover finding a breeder and adoption options.

Finding a Breeder

When looking for a breeder, it’s essential to do your research. Look for a breeder who is reputable and has experience breeding Labradoodles. Check if the breeder is a member of any breed clubs or organizations. This can give you an idea of their commitment to the breed and their reputation in the community.

Ask the breeder about the health and temperament of their dogs. A good breeder will be happy to answer any questions you have and provide you with genetic tests on the parents of any puppies they have available. They should also be willing to let you meet the parents and see where the puppies are being raised.

The rise of doodles has slowly started becoming a trend. Because of this, experts, including the creator himself, are greatly concerned about possible unethical breeding practices.

Adoption Options

Adopting an F1 Labradoodle can be a great option for those who want to give a loving home to a dog in need. There are many rescue organizations and shelters that have Labradoodles available for adoption.

When adopting, find a reputable rescue organization or shelter. Look for organizations that have a good reputation and are transparent about their adoption process. Ask about the dog’s history, temperament, and any health issues they may have.

It’s also important to be prepared for the responsibilities of adopting a dog. Ensure you have the time, resources, and commitment to provide your new furry friend with a loving home. Rescue Labradoodle organizations include:

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How much do F1 Labradoodle puppies cost?

The cost of F1 Labradoodle puppies varies depending on several factors, such as the breeder, location, and demand. On average, F1 Labradoodle puppies can cost anywhere from $1,500 to $3,000.

What is the difference between F1 Labradoodle and F1B Labradoodle?

F1 Labradoodles are a first-generation cross between a Standard Poodle and a Labrador Retriever. F1B Labradoodles are a cross between an F1 Labradoodle and a Standard Poodle. F1B Labradoodles are more hypoallergenic than F1 Labradoodles due to their higher percentage of Poodle genes.

Do F1 Labradoodles shed?

F1 Labradoodles can shed little to moderately but are generally considered allergy-friendly. However, since they have a purebred Labrador parent, they can inherit a Labrador’s dense, heavy-shedding coat. They typically won’t shed as much as a Lab, but they may still shed.

What does an F1 Labradoodle’s coat look like?

F1 Labradoodles can have a variety of coat types and colors. Their coats can be curly, wavy, or straight and can range in color from black, chocolate, cream to apricot.

Are F1 Labradoodles hypoallergenic?

F1 Labradoodles are generally not considered hypoallergenic, but it depends on the individual dog and the person’s allergies. However, they shed far less than average and if they inherit their Poodle parent’s coat, they can be more allergy friendly than most dogs.

Final Thoughts

The F1 Labradoodle is an excellent choice for those who want a friendly and intelligent companion. With their allergy-friendly coat and lovable personality, they make great family pets. When considering a Labradoodle, it’s essential to do your research and find a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs.

Meet Your Experts

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Tamsin De La Harpe


Tamsin de la Harpe has nearly two decades of experience with dogs in rescue, training, and behavior modification with fearful and aggressive dogs. She has worked closely with veterinarians and various kennels, building up extensive medical knowledge and an understanding of canine health and physiology. She also spent two years in the animal sciences as a canine nutrition researcher, focusing on longevity and holistic healthcare for our four-legged companions. Tamsin currently keeps a busy homestead with an assortment of rescue dogs and three Bullmastiffs.

Tamsin de la Harpe has nearly two decades of experience with dogs in rescue, training, and behavior modification with fearful and aggressive dogs. She has worked closely with veterinarians and various kennels, building up extensive medical knowledge and an understanding of canine health and physiology. She also spent two years in the animal sciences as a canine nutrition researcher, focusing on longevity and holistic healthcare for our four-legged companions. Tamsin currently keeps a busy homestead with an assortment of rescue dogs and three Bullmastiffs.