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Teacup Pug: Everything You Need to Know About the Pocket, Mini, or Micro Pug

teacup Pug

The teacup pug is a small, adorable dog breed that has captured the imagination of many pug lovers. But is there really such a thing as a teacup, micro, pocket or miniature Pug? And if so, should you start looking for teacup or mini Pug Puppies?

Before we get into what you need to know about any smaller than usual pug, one has to keep in mind that these dogs often come with increased health issues. Maintenance of basic care like trimming their nails with good pet nail clippers is essential, as owners often overlook these basics, leading to complications and more vet bills.

Teacup pugs are a relatively new Pug variation, and their popularity has grown in recent years. They are often sought after by those looking for a small, low-maintenance pet that is easy to care for. However, it is important to note that teacup pugs are not recognized by major kennel clubs and may be prone to health issues due to their small size. It is important for potential owners to do their research and make an informed decision before bringing a teacup pug into their home.

This means any Pug smaller than the minimum 14 pounds is technically a miniature Pug. These Pugs may be sold as miniatures, micros, pocket pugs or even teacups. However, the term teacup usually refers to a dog that is around 4 to 6 pounds (1.8–2.7) kg.  It is incredibly unlikely, if not impossible to get purebred Pug down to this size. 

Despite this, Teacup Pugs are still advertised and sold, and it is possible that they may be recognized by some designer dog registries. However, it is important to be cautious when considering purchasing a Teacup Pug as many of these dogs are the result of unethical breeding practices.

One way Teacup Pugs are created is through false advertising of normal Pugs as Teacup Pugs. This way, pug owners may buy a teacup Pug puppy, only to have them grown to typical Pug size as adults.

Another way is through breeding dwarves, which can result in health issues for the dog (and even if you do breed dwarves, dwarfism is not always passed onto offspring). 

Breeding runts or smaller Pugs, often with inbreeding, and withholding food to stunt growth are also unethical practices used to create Teacup Pugs. 

Crossbreeding Pugs with smaller breeds like the Chihuahua is another way that Teacup Pugs are created, but this can lead to unpredictable traits and health issues. Nevertheless, Crossbreeding Pugs with smaller breeds is probably the most ethical way to get a genuinely smaller Pug type dog.

In conclusion, while Teacup Pugs may seem like a cute and desirable option for some, it is important to be aware of the unethical breeding practices that often go into creating them. It is recommended to instead seek out a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs.

Origins of the Mini Pug

The Teacup or micro Pug is a miniature version of the Pug breed. The Pug breed originated in China, where they were bred to be companions for royalty. The Teacup Pug is believed to have been bred in the United States in the 1980s, by crossing a Pug with a smaller breed such as a Chihuahua or a Pomeranian.

The Mini  Pug is not recognized as a separate breed by major kennel clubs such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) or the United Kennel Club (UKC). In fact, many breeders and veterinarians caution against breeding Teacup Pugs (and other teacups) due to the potential health problems associated with breeding dogs to be unnaturally small.

Pugs are already classified as a toy breed because of their small size. However, breeders have taken things a notch further by breeding even smaller pugs, which is where terms like “teacup” or “mini” come into play.

  1. Teacup or Mini Pug: This is not a separate breed, but rather a pug that’s bred to be even smaller than the standard. It’s like the extra-small version of a pug! Breeders achieve this size by selecting the smallest pugs from litters and breeding them together. However, because of their very small size, they can sometimes face additional health challenges.
  2. Toy Pug: This term is a bit redundant since pugs are already in the toy group. When people say “toy pug,” they’re basically just referring to the standard pug we all know and love.

So, in casual terms: A teacup or mini pug is like a “fun-sized” version of a regular pug, and when someone says “toy pug,” they’re probably just talking about a regular ol’ pug!

Despite this, Teacup dogs have gained popularity in recent years due to their small size and cute appearance. However, it is important for potential owners to do their research and understand the potential health risks before deciding to bring a Teacup Pug into their home.

Physical Characteristics of a Teacup Pug

Teacup Pugs are small and compact dogs, with a height of around 6 to 10 inches (15 to 25 cm) and a weight around 4 pounds (1.8 kg), although they are usually bigger. They have a short, smooth coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, fawn, silver, and apricot. Their coat is easy to maintain and requires minimal grooming.

The Teacup Pug has a distinctive wrinkled face, which is one of its most endearing features. Their eyes are large, round, and dark, and their ears are small and folded over. They have a short, stocky body with a broad chest and a curly tail.

Teacup Pugs have a friendly and affectionate personality, and they love to be around people. They are playful and energetic, but they also enjoy lounging around and cuddling with their owners. They make great pets for families with children, as they are gentle and patient with kids.

Overall, the Teacup Pug is a charming and delightful little dog that is sure to bring joy and companionship to any household.

Teacup Pug Behavior

Teacup Pugs are known for their playful and affectionate behavior. They are intelligent dogs that are easy to train. However, they can be stubborn at times and may require a firm hand during training.

Teacup Pugs are social animals and enjoy spending time with their owners. They are loyal and protective of their family, making them excellent watchdogs. They thrive on attention and love to be cuddled and petted.

Despite their small size, Teacup Pugs are energetic and require daily exercise to keep them healthy. They enjoy short walks and playing in the yard. However, they are also content to snuggle up with their owners on the couch.

Teacup Pugs are known for their friendly nature and get along well with children and other pets. They are not aggressive and rarely bark, making them ideal apartment dogs.

Overall, Teacup Pugs are wonderful companions that bring joy and love to their families. With proper training and care, they make excellent pets for individuals and families alike.

Also see:

Brindle Pugs

Retro Pugs

Health Concerns of a Teacup Pug

Teacup Pugs, like all dogs, have certain health concerns that their owners should be aware of. These include genetic disorders and physical health issues in Pugs as well as issues that affect teacup dogs.

Genetic Disorders

Teacup Pugs are prone to a number of genetic disorders, such as brachycephalic airway syndrome and brachycephalic ocular syndrome. These conditions are caused by the shape of their skulls and can lead to respiratory and eye problems, including red eyes and wheezing. They may also suffer from dental problems due to their small size and crowded teeth as well as obesity.

Other genetic disorders that teacup pugs may be prone to include hypoglycemia, collapsing trachea (which can affect their ability to bark), hydrocephalus, and neurological disorders. These conditions can be serious and require immediate veterinary attention.

Physical Health Issues

Teacup Pugs may also be prone to a number of physical health issues. Obesity is a common problem for teacup pugs, as they have a tendency to overeat and are less active than larger dogs. This can lead to joint problems, such as hip and back issues.

Teacup Pugs may also be prone to skin and ear infections, sliding knee caps, and other issues. It is important to keep their skin and ears clean and dry, and to monitor their mobility and overall health.

Caring for a Teacup Pug

Teacup Pugs are adorable pets that require proper care to maintain their health and happiness. In this section, we will discuss the essential aspects of caring for a Teacup Pug, including their diet and nutrition, exercise and play, and grooming.

Diet and Nutrition

A Teacup Pug’s diet should consist of regular small meals a day to maintain their blood sugar levels. They have a sensitive digestive system and are prone to obesity, so it’s essential to feed them high-quality dog food that is low in calories. It’s also crucial to avoid feeding them human food, especially chocolate, which is toxic to dogs.

Teacup Pugs are prone to dental issues, so it’s crucial to provide them with dental care. A mouthwash like PawSafe® Dog Mouthwash can help eliminate odors and plaque build-up for fresh breath, healthy teeth, mouth, and gums.

Exercise and Play

Teacup Pugs are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and playtime. They enjoy short walks, indoor play, and interactive toys. However, it’s essential to avoid overexerting them as they are prone to respiratory issues.


Teacup Pugs have a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming and the occasional wash with a gentle 5-in-1 Dog Wash. However, they are prone to eye and ear infections, so it’s crucial to keep their eyes and ears clean. Dog eye cleaning wipes like Dog Eye Wipes With Tear Stain Remover can gently eliminate residue build-up around the eyes and lighten existing stains.

In addition, Teacup Pugs require regular nail trimming, and dog ear cleaning wipes like Dog Ear Cleaning Wipes can help eliminate ear wax, dirt, and odors while keeping their ears itch-free. Don’t forget a Dog Mouthwash to help their dental issues. 

Training a Teacup Pug

Training a teacup pug requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. These small dogs are intelligent and eager to please, but they can also be stubborn and easily distracted. Here are some tips for training your teacup pug:

Start with Basic Commands

Begin by teaching your teacup pug basic commands such as “sit,” “stay,” and “come.” Use positive reinforcement techniques such as treats and praise to encourage good behavior. Keep training sessions short and frequent, as teacup pugs have short attention spans.

Use a Crate

Teacup pugs can be prone to separation anxiety, so it’s important to crate train them from a young age. Make the crate a comfortable and inviting space for your pug, and never use it as a form of punishment.

Socialize Your Pug

Socialization is important for teacup pugs, as they can be timid around strangers and other dogs. Introduce your pug to new people and animals in a controlled environment, such as a dog park or obedience class.

Be Consistent

Consistency is key when training a teacup pug. Use the same commands and techniques every time, and make sure that all family members are on the same page when it comes to training.

Seek Professional Help if Needed

If you’re having trouble training your teacup pug, don’t hesitate to seek professional help. A certified dog trainer can provide personalized advice and guidance to help you and your pug succeed.

Choosing a Teacup Pug

Teacup Pugs are a popular breed due to their small size and adorable appearance. However, choosing the right Teacup Pug can be a daunting task. This section will provide some guidance on how to choose the perfect Teacup Pug for you.


Adopting a Teacup Pug from a rescue organization can be a great option. There are several reputable organizations that specialize in rescuing Pugs, such as Austin Pug Rescue, Pug Nation LA, Tiny Paws Pug Rescue, and Kentuckiana Pugs. Adopting from a rescue organization not only gives a loving home to a dog in need, but it also helps to prevent unethical breeding practices.

When adopting a Teacup Pug, it’s important to consider the dog’s age, temperament, and health history. Rescue organizations typically provide this information to potential adopters, which can help in making an informed decision. It’s also important to ensure that the dog is a good fit for your lifestyle and living situation.

Buying from a Breeder

While adopting is recommended, some individuals may still choose to purchase a Teacup Pug from a breeder. If this is the case, it’s important to do thorough research to ensure that the breeder is reputable and ethical. Avoid buying from a breeder that prioritizes appearance over health or that has a history of breeding dogs with health issues.

When purchasing from a breeder, it’s important to ask for health certifications and to meet the puppy’s parents if possible. This can help ensure that the puppy comes from healthy and well-cared-for parents.

Overall, it’s important to choose a Teacup Pug that is healthy, well-cared-for, and a good fit for your lifestyle. Whether adopting from a rescue organization or purchasing from a breeder, taking the time to do research and make an informed decision can lead to a happy and healthy life with your new furry friend.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are teacup pugs real?

Yes, teacup pugs are a real breed of dog. However, it is important to note that the term “teacup” is not recognized by major kennel clubs and is often used by breeders to describe the smallest size of a particular breed.

Do teacup pugs shed?

Yes, teacup pugs do shed. However, their short, fine coats require minimal grooming and shedding is generally not a major issue.

What is the difference between a Mini Pug and a regular Pug?

There is no such thing as a “Mini Pug.” The term is often used by breeders to describe smaller-than-average pugs, but there is no recognized size variation within the breed.

How much do teacup pugs cost?

Teacup pugs can be quite expensive, with prices ranging from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars depending on the breeder and the dog’s pedigree.

How small do Teacup Pugs get?

Teacup pugs are typically smaller than regular pugs, but their size can vary greatly depending on the breeding. Some teacup pugs weigh as little as 2-3 pounds, while others may weigh up to 10 pounds.

What is the smallest breed of Pug?

The Pug is a breed of dog, and there is no smaller breed of Pug. However, teacup pugs are often bred to be smaller than the average Pug.

Are Teacup Pugs generally healthy?

Teacup pugs can be prone to a number of health problems, including respiratory issues, dental problems, and joint issues. It is important to choose a reputable breeder who screens their dogs for health issues and to provide proper care and veterinary attention throughout the dog’s life.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the teacup pug is a delightful and charming breed that is perfect for those who want a small, affectionate, and low-maintenance pet. They have a lot of energy, but they also love to cuddle and be near their owners. Despite their small size, they are very sturdy and can handle rough play with children.

One thing to keep in mind is that their small size can make them more prone to health issues, such as respiratory problems and joint issues. It’s important to take them for regular check-ups and to make sure they get enough exercise to keep their muscles and joints healthy.

Overall, the teacup pug is a great choice for those who want a loyal and loving companion that doesn’t require a lot of space or maintenance. With proper care and attention, they can make wonderful pets for many years to come.


Tamsin De La Harpe


Tamsin de la Harpe has nearly two decades of experience with dogs in rescue, training, and behavior modification with fearful and aggressive dogs. She has worked closely with veterinarians and various kennels, building up extensive medical knowledge and an understanding of canine health and physiology. She also spent two years in the animal sciences as a canine nutrition researcher, focusing on longevity and holistic healthcare for our four-legged companions.

Tamsin currently keeps a busy homestead with an assortment of rescue dogs and three Bullmastiffs.

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