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White French Bulldog: Characteristics, Care, and Training Tips - PawSafe

White French Bulldog: Characteristics, Care, and Training Tips

Photo of Tamsin De La Harpe

Written by Tamsin De La Harpe

white French Bulldog

The white French Bulldog is a slightly less common color within  the French Bulldog breed, but still known for its charming personality and unique appearance. However, it’s vital to do your research before looking for any white French Bulldog puppies for sale.

White Frenchies have a short, smooth coat that is entirely white. Their already delicate coats need a very gentle dog shampoo to prevent any damage. Any coat damage would lower sun protection even more.

Despite their small size, White French Bulldogs are known for their big personalities. Drawing from expert manuals like George Hoopendale’s French Bulldog Owners Manual, we’ve compiled an extensive White French Bulldog Guide.

Unlike other rare colors like Merle, Isabella, and Lilac, getting a White Frenchie is relatively easy since they’re pretty common. This is because White Frenchies have become increasingly popular, raising the number of breeders involved in their creation. 

It is important to note that white French Bulldogs can sometimes have health issues, such as deafness or skin problems, due to their coat color. As such, it is essential to research breeders carefully and ensure that any white French Bulldog you adopt comes from a responsible breeder who has taken steps to minimize the risk of health issues.

Like unusual colors like Blue, White is a recognized color for French Bulldogs by the AKC, code 199. However, they may not fare well in show competitions and conformation rings due to their association with deafness. The club doesn’t recognize some white variations like White Shepherds.

Check out this unbelievably cute and happy White Frenchie:

White Frenchie vs. Cream Frenchie

White Frenchies have a pure white coat, while cream Frenchies have a slightly yellowish or beige tint to their coat. This color difference is due to a pigment called pheomelanin, which is responsible for the red or brown coloration in dogs. Cream Frenchies have a low concentration of pheomelanin, which gives them their cream or beige color.

Regarding health, there is no significant difference between white and cream Frenchies. Both colors are prone to the same health issues that affect the breed, such as respiratory problems and skin allergies. However, it is essential to note that white Frenchies may be more susceptible to sunburn and skin cancer due to their lower pigment levels.

As you can see, while these two colors seem strikingly similar, some key differences distinguish them. 

White Frenchie vs. Albino Frenchie

Both Albino and White French Bulldogs have pure white coats with no other colors or markings. However, White Frenchies have black noses, dark eyes, and black paw pads. On the other hand, an albino French Bulldog has a white coat with pink or blue eyes, a pink nose, and pale paw pads.

Albinism is a genetic condition that affects melanin production, affecting everything, from color to skin, hair, and eyes. Albino Frenchies lack melanin, which causes their pink or blue eyes and pink nose and paw pads. This condition can also cause sensitivity to sunlight and other health issues.

White Frenchie vs. Platinum Frenchie

White Frenchies have a pure white coat with no other colors or markings. Platinum Frenchies, on the other hand, have a light, off-white coat with a cream look and a slight bluish-gray tinge (silverish). Platinums also have light eyes and paws, while whites have dark eyes and paws. 

Related Posts:

Everything You Want to Know About Platinum Frenchies

History of the White French Bulldog

The French Bulldog breed originated in England, where they were bred as miniature Bulldogs. In the 1860s, the breed became popular in France, where they were further developed and refined. The breed was then brought back to England and America, where it gained popularity as a companion dog.

The French Bulldog comes in various colors, including fawn, brindle, and black. However, the white French Bulldog is a more recent breed variation. This is because White Frenchies were initially considered a fault in the breed standard due to their association with deafness.

Today, white French Bulldogs are a popular variation of the breed and can be found in many countries around the world. They are known for their affectionate and playful nature, making them a great choice for families and individuals.

Understanding White Coat Genetics

Amazingly, a pool of research shows that the same recessive genes responsible for cream coloring in dogs (e/e) are also responsible for white color. Even molecular and gene testing centers identify the e allele in white dogs.

However, experts have identified other genes for the white color in dogs. For example, Dr. Little allocated white spotting and extreme white spotting (almost all white) to the S locus.

He also theorized that a Cch allele faded phaeomelanin to cream, Ce faded phaeomelanin to white, and Ca caused albinism. However, remember that this was in 1957, and growing research proved the e/e responsibility for white. 

Researchers are still looking for an exact variation that determines whether an e/e French Bulldog will be cream or white. Some link whiteness in dogs to the Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), which has been linked to deafness too.

Physical Characteristics of the White French Bulldog

The White French Bulldog is a small dog breed with a compact and muscular body. They have a short, smooth, and fine coat that is predominantly white. Their coat is soft to the touch and requires minimal grooming.

The head of the White French Bulldog is large and square-shaped, with a very short muzzle and a black nose. Their eyes are round and dark in color, and their ears are erect and bat-like.

The White French Bulldog has a short, sturdy neck, broad shoulders, and a deep chest. Their legs are short, muscular, and paws compact and round. They have a short and smooth tail that is either straight or slightly curved.

How Big Do White Frenchies Get?

The average height of a White French Bulldog is between 11 and 12 inches (28-30 cm), and they weigh between 16 and 28 pounds (7-13 kg).

Temperament and Behavior of White French Bulldogs

White French Bulldogs are known for their affectionate and playful nature. They are friendly and sociable with their family and love to be around people. They make great companions for families with children, as they are patient and gentle with kids.

These dogs are also very loyal and protective of their family. They have a strong instinct to protect their loved ones and will bark at any perceived threat. These are sassy dogs with big personalities, so plenty of socialization is vital.

White French Bulldogs are moderately intelligent and easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques and are eager to please their owners. They can be stubborn sometimes, but with patience and consistency, you can train them to obey commands.

One thing to remember is that White French Bulldogs can be prone to separation anxiety. They do not like to be left alone for long periods and may become destructive if bored or anxious. Providing plenty of exercise and mental stimulation is essential to keep them happy and healthy.

Common White Frenchie Health Issues

White French Bulldogs are prone to certain health issues that are common among the breed. Here are some of the most common health issues:


White or partially white dogs are more likely to be deaf. A study showed that 8% of all Dalmatians are bilaterally deaf, and 22% are deaf in one ear. Other white dogs like Norwegian Dunkerhounds and Cocker Spaniels also reported high deafness levels.

Sunburn and Skin Problems

White French Bulldogs have a higher risk of sunburn and skin problems due to their light skin color. It is best to keep them indoors during peak sun hours and to apply pet-safe sunscreen to their skin when they go outside. 

Skin problems like allergies, hot spots, and skin fold dermatitis are also common among Frenchies, and it is vital to keep their skin clean and dry to prevent these issues.

Breathing Difficulties

These dogs are susceptible to Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome due to their short muzzles. This causes wheezing and sometimes dry heaving.

Eye Problems

White French Bulldogs are also prone to several eye problems. Brachycephalic ocular syndrome, glaucoma, corneal ulcers, dry eye, cherry eye, and entropion are some of the eye problems that can affect Frenchies. Regular eye checkups with a veterinarian catch any eye problems early on.

Musculoskeletal Issues

Musculoskeletal issues like hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, and intervertebral disc disease are common among Frenchies. These issues can cause pain and discomfort for the dog and may require surgery or other treatments.

Neurological Issues

Neurological issues like hydrocephalus, an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain, can be seen in some Frenchies. This condition can cause seizures, blindness, and other neurological symptoms. 

Dental Issues 

Their crowded teeth and narrow jaw can lead to dental problems such as misalignment, gum disease, and tooth decay. The compact space in their mouths makes it challenging to maintain proper oral hygiene, increasing the risk of plaque and tartar buildup.

Mild to Moderate Issues

Mild to moderate issues such as allergies, ear infections, obesity, and stomach sensitivities are also common among white Frenchies.

How To Groom a White Frenchie

White French Bulldogs have a short, smooth coat that is easy to maintain. However, they still require regular grooming to keep their coat healthy and shiny. Here are some grooming needs for a white French Bulldog:


Regular brushing is essential to keep the coat of a white French Bulldog in good condition. It helps to remove loose hair, dirt, and debris from the coat. Using a pet grooming glove can be a great way to brush a French Bulldog, allowing for a gentle massage while removing loose hair.


White French Bulldogs should bathe every month or as needed. It is essential to use a dog shampoo and conditioner that is gentle on their skin. Avoid using human shampoo, which can be too harsh for a dog’s skin. After bathing, it is crucial to dry them off thoroughly with absorbent towels to prevent any skin infections.

Nail Trimming

Regular nail trimming is essential to prevent overgrowth and discomfort for your furry friend. It is best to trim their nails once a month. Use dog nail trimmers to avoid cutting the quick of the nail, which can cause bleeding and pain.

Eye and Ear Care

White French Bulldogs are prone to eye and ear infections. It is essential to clean their eyes and ears regularly with ear and eye wipes explicitly made for canines. This will help prevent any infections and keep your dog healthy.

Sun Protection

White French Bulldogs are susceptible to sunburn due to their light-colored coat. It is important to apply sunscreen to their nose, ears, and any other exposed skin when they are outside for extended periods. Use sunscreen made for dogs to avoid any potential harm.

Dental Care

Brush their teeth at least twice weekly to remove plaque and alternate with a canine mouthwash.

Diet and Nutrition

White French Bulldogs require a balanced diet to maintain optimal health. A diet that is high in protein and low in carbohydrates is best. A high-quality dog food that meets the breed’s nutritional requirements is the best option. 

Protein is essential for muscle development and maintenance. The diet should consist of at least 25% protein, with the source of protein coming from high-quality animal-based sources. Some good protein sources for White French Bulldogs include chicken, turkey, lamb, and fish.

Exercise Requirements

White French Bulldogs require regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and prevent boredom. The amount of activity they need depends on age, weight, and overall health. Generally, they need at least 30 minutes of exercise per day.

White Frenchies can find it difficult for them to breathe, especially in hot weather. Owners should be mindful of the temperature and avoid exercising their White French Bulldog during the hottest parts of the day. 

Training a White French Bulldog

Training a White French Bulldog requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. These dogs are below average in intelligence but are eager to please, making them relatively easy to train. Crate training, obedience, and socialization are key training aspects.

It’s important to remember that White French Bulldogs can sometimes be stubborn, so patience and consistency are key. Avoid using punishment or physical force during training, as this can damage the bond between you and your dog.

Related Posts:

How to Train a Stubborn Dog

Finding a White French Bulldog Breeder

When looking for a white French Bulldog breeder, it is essential to do your research and find a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. Here are some tips for finding a quality breeder:

  1. Start with the AKC Marketplace

    The American Kennel Club’s marketplace is an excellent resource for finding breeders registered with the AKC. This ensures the breeder follows AKC guidelines for breeding and raising French Bulldogs.

  2. Look for Health Testing

    Reputable breeders will have their dogs health tested for common issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems. Ask the breeder for proof of health testing before committing to a purchase.

  3. Visit the Breeder

    If possible, visit the breeder in person to see their facilities and meet their dogs. This will give you an idea of how the dogs are raised and if they are well-cared for.

  4. Ask for References

    A good breeder will happily provide references from previous puppy buyers. Reach out to these references to hear about their experience with the breeder and their puppies.

  5. Avoid Puppy Mills

    Puppy mills prioritize profit over the health and well-being of their dogs. Avoid buying from pet stores or online marketplaces, as these are often fronts for puppy mills.

Remember, a reputable breeder will prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs over profit. By researching and finding a quality breeder, you can get a healthy and happy white French Bulldog.

Adopting a White French Bulldog

Adopting a White French Bulldog can be an excellent experience for those looking for a loyal, affectionate, playful companion. However, before deciding to adopt, there are a few essential things to consider.

Firstly, it is crucial to understand the breed’s characteristics and needs. French Bulldogs are known for their affectionate and playful personalities but also require much attention and care. They are prone to specific health issues, such as respiratory problems and skin allergies, so it is crucial to prepare for potential medical expenses.

When adopting a White French Bulldog, it is best to check with local animal shelters and rescue organizations. These organizations often have French Bulldogs available for adoption and can provide valuable information about the breed and its needs. Some French Bulldog rescue organizations include:

In addition, it is vital to consider the financial responsibility of owning a White French Bulldog. This includes expenses such as food, grooming, and veterinary care. It is best to have a budget and prepare for unexpected costs.

Living with a White French Bulldog

  • They require more intensive grooming and coat care, like sunscreen, to prevent damage.
  • They can live in both apartments or homes with yards.
  • These dogs will have higher vet bills due to multiple health risks. 
  • They are not hypoallergenic, so you will deal with white hair in your house.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the rarest color of French Bulldog?

The rarest color for French Bulldogs is blue, Isabella, Lilac, and Platinum. However, all-white French Bulldogs are also considered rare.

How much does an all-white Frenchie puppy cost?

The cost of an all-white French Bulldog puppy can vary depending on the breeder, location, and demand. On average, they can range from $3,000 to $10,000.

Are white French Bulldogs more expensive than other colors?

White French Bulldogs are not necessarily more expensive than other colors. The cost of a French Bulldog can vary depending on several factors, including the breeder, location, and demand.

Do white French Bulldogs have pink skin?

Yes, white French Bulldogs can have pink skin. This is because their skin has less pigment, making it more visible.

What are some common coat colors for French Bulldogs?

Common coat colors for French Bulldogs include brindle, fawn, cream, black, and pied. However, many other colors and patterns can occur.

Are short white nails common in French Bulldogs?

Short white nails are not uncommon in French Bulldogs. However, trimming their nails to prevent discomfort or injury regularly is vital.

Final Thoughts

The White Frenchie is a white version of the French Bulldog. This dog is a charming and affectionate companion suitable for all households. It is known for its friendly nature and adaptability, making it an excellent choice for families with children or other pets.

Meet Your Experts

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Tamsin De La Harpe


Tamsin de la Harpe has nearly two decades of experience with dogs in rescue, training, and behavior modification with fearful and aggressive dogs. She has worked closely with veterinarians and various kennels, building up extensive medical knowledge and an understanding of canine health and physiology. She also spent two years in the animal sciences as a canine nutrition researcher, focusing on longevity and holistic healthcare for our four-legged companions. Tamsin currently keeps a busy homestead with an assortment of rescue dogs and three Bullmastiffs.

Tamsin de la Harpe has nearly two decades of experience with dogs in rescue, training, and behavior modification with fearful and aggressive dogs. She has worked closely with veterinarians and various kennels, building up extensive medical knowledge and an understanding of canine health and physiology. She also spent two years in the animal sciences as a canine nutrition researcher, focusing on longevity and holistic healthcare for our four-legged companions. Tamsin currently keeps a busy homestead with an assortment of rescue dogs and three Bullmastiffs.